keep

keep
I [kiːp]
nome
1) (maintenance) mantenimento m., sostentamento m.

to earn one's keep — guadagnarsi da vivere

2) arch. maschio m., mastio m.
3) for keeps per sempre, definitivamente
II 1. [kiːp]
verbo transitivo (pass., p.pass. kept)
1) (cause to remain)

to keep sb. indoors — [person] tenere qcn. in casa; [illness] obbligare qcn. a stare in casa

to keep sth., sb. clean — tenere qcn., qcs. pulito

to keep sth. warm — tenere qcs. al caldo

to keep sb. warm — [garment] tenere caldo a qcn.

to be kept locked — essere tenuto chiuso

to keep sb. talking, waiting — fare parlare, fare attendere qcn.

to keep an engine running — tenere acceso un motore

2) (detain) trattenere, fare stare

what kept you? — cosa ti ha trattenuto?

I won't keep you a minute — non ti tratterrò molto

3) (retain) conservare, custodire [book, letter, ticket]; mantenere [job, shape]; tenere [place]
4) (have and look after) avere, gestire [shop, restaurant]; avere [dog, cat]; avere, allevare [sheep, chickens]
5) (sustain)

to keep sth. going — sostenere [conversation]; mantenere acceso [fire]; mantenere vivo [tradition]

I'll make you a sandwich to keep you going — ti preparo un sandwich così vai avanti ancora un po'

it was only his work that kept him going — è stato solo il suo lavoro a dargli la forza di andare avanti

6) (store) tenere, mettere

I keep a spare key in the cupboard — ho o tengo una chiave di riserva nella credenza

7) (have in stock) [shop] avere, tenere [product]
8) (maintain) mantenere [family]; avere [servant, car, house]
9) (maintain by writing in) tenere [accounts, diary]
10) (conceal)

to keep sth. from sb. — nascondere qcs. a qcn

11) (prevent)

to keep sb. from doing — impedire a qcn. di fare

12) (observe) mantenere [promise, secret]; rispettare [appointment]; celebrare [occasion]; osservare [commandments]
13) mus.

to keep time o the beat — tenere il tempo

2.
verbo intransitivo (pass., p.pass. kept)
1)

to keep doing — continuare a fare

to keep going — andare avanti

keep at it! — continua così! dacci dentro!

"keep left " — "tenere la sinistra"

2) (remain)

to keep indoors — restare dentro

to keep warm — restare al caldo

to keep calm, silent — restare calmo, in silenzio

3) (stay in good condition) [food] mantenersi, conservarsi
4) (in health)

"how are you keeping?" — "come stai?"

she's keeping well — sta bene

3.
verbo riflessivo (pass., p.pass. kept)

to keep oneself — mantenersi

to keep oneself warm — proteggersi dal freddo

to keep oneself healthy — mantenersi in salute

to keep oneself to oneself — stare sulle proprie

••

to keep in with sb. — restare in buoni rapporti con qcn.

I've got something to tell you, it won't keep — ho una cosa da dirti, è urgente

* * *
[ki:p] 1. past tense, past participle - kept; verb
1) (to have for a very long or indefinite period of time: He gave me the picture to keep.) tenere
2) (not to give or throw away; to preserve: I kept the most interesting books; Can you keep a secret?) tenere, mantenere
3) (to (cause to) remain in a certain state or position: I keep this gun loaded; How do you keep cool in this heat?; Will you keep me informed of what happens?) tenere, mantenere
4) (to go on (performing or repeating a certain action): He kept walking.) continuare a
5) (to have in store: I always keep a tin of baked beans for emergencies.) tenere
6) (to look after or care for: She keeps the garden beautifully; I think they keep hens.) tenere
7) (to remain in good condition: That meat won't keep in this heat unless you put it in the fridge.) mantenersi, conservarsi
8) (to make entries in (a diary, accounts etc): She keeps a diary to remind her of her appointments; He kept the accounts for the club.) tenere
9) (to hold back or delay: Sorry to keep you.) trattenere
10) (to provide food, clothes, housing for (someone): He has a wife and child to keep.) mantenere
11) (to act in the way demanded by: She kept her promise.) mantenere
12) (to celebrate: to keep Christmas.) celebrare
2. noun
(food and lodging: She gives her mother money every week for her keep; Our cat really earns her keep - she kills all the mice in the house.) mantenimento, sostentamento; da vivere
- keeping
- keep-fit
- keepsake
- for keeps
- in keeping with
- keep away
- keep back
- keep one's distance
- keep down
- keep one's end up
- keep from
- keep going
- keep hold of
- keep house for
- keep house
- keep in
- keep in mind
- keep it up
- keep off
- keep on
- keep oneself to oneself
- keep out
- keep out of
- keep time
- keep to
- keep something to oneself
- keep to oneself
- keep up
- keep up with the Joneses
- keep watch
* * *
keep /ki:p/
n.
1 (stor.) maschio, mastio; torrione; (per estens.) castello, fortezza
2 [u] mantenimento; sostentamento; vitto e alloggio: to earn one's keep, guadagnarsi da vivere
3 (mecc.) cappello
● (fam.) for keeps, per sempre; (USA) sul serio, seriamente: It's yours for keeps, è tuo; puoi tenertelo: This is furniture for keeps, questi sono mobili fatti per durare a lungo; to play for keeps, giocare per vincere tutto; (fig.) fare sul serio, non fermarsi davanti a niente.
♦ (to) keep /ki:p/
(pass. e p. p. kept)
A v. t.
1 tenere; trattenere: Keep the change!, tenga il resto!; She gave me one copy and kept the other, mi diede una delle due copie e trattenne (o si tenne) l'altra; He kept the gifts for himself, tenne per sé i regali
2 tenere; mantenere; conservare; custodire; tenere in serbo; serbare: to keep one's hands in one's pockets, tenere le mani in tasca; to keep a secret, mantenere (o serbare) un segreto; (sport) to keep one's title, conservare il titolo; I've kept all her letters, ho tenuto (o conservato) tutte le sue lettere; Where do you keep the flour?, dove tieni la farina?; Keep this seat for me, tienimi questo posto!; to keep oneself in good form, tenersi (o mantenersi) in forma
3 tenere; trattenere: to keep sb. in prison, tenere q. in prigione; to keep st. under control, tenere qc. sotto controllo; I won't keep you long, non ti tratterrò a lungo; What's keeping him?, che cosa lo trattiene?
4 (seguito da compl. ogg. e part. pres. o agg.) tenere; mantenere (o idiom.): to keep the engine running, tenere il motore acceso; to keep sb. waiting, far aspettare q.; to keep one's business going, mandare avanti la propria azienda; to keep alive, tenere (o mantenere) in vita; tenere vivo; to keep awake, tenere sveglio; to keep warm, tenere caldo; tenere al caldo; to keep sb. interested, mantener vivo l'interesse di q.; DIALOGO-Changing booking over the phone- Sorry to keep you waiting, mi scusi se l'ho fatta attendere
5 tenere (presso di sé); avere: to keep servants [boarders, a watchdog], tenere domestici [pensionanti, un cane da guardia]
6 (comm.) tenere (in negozio, in magazzino); avere: We don't keep this item, non teniamo questo articolo; to keep st. in stock, essere sempre riforniti di qc.
7 (comm.) essere proprietario e gestore di; gestire; avere: He keeps a hotel, gestisce (o ha) un albergo; fa l'albergatore
8 mantenere: They have a family to keep, hanno una famiglia da mantenere; My daughter earns enough to keep herself, mia figlia guadagna abbastanza da mantenersi da sola
9 tenere fede a; mantenere; rispettare; stare a: to keep one's promise, mantenere la promessa; to keep one's word, tener fede alla (o mantenere la) parola data
10 (relig.) osservare; rispettare; celebrare: to keep the Sabbath, osservare le feste comandate; to keep Christmas, celebrare il Natale
11 segnare; scrivere; registrare; tenere: to keep note of st., tenere nota di qc.; annotarsi qc.; to keep a diary, tenere un diario; (sport) to keep the score, tenere il conto dei punti; segnare il punteggio; to keep the accounts, tenere la contabilità
12 (mil., sport e fig.) difendere: (calcio) to keep goal, difendere la porta; giocare in porta; (cricket) to keep wicket, difendere il wicket; fare il ricevitore
13 (lett.) proteggere; custodire; guardare: May the Lord keep you, (che) Dio ti protegga; (che) Dio ti guardi!
B v. i.
1 stare; restare; tenersi; mantenersi: Keep where you are!, resta dove sei!; to keep awake, restare sveglio; to keep quiet, restare zitto; tacere; fare silenzio; stare tranquillo; to keep calm, restare calmo; mantenere la calma; to keep fit, mantenersi (o tenersi) in forma; to keep on good terms with sb., mantenersi in buoni rapporti con q.
2 (seguito da part. pres.) continuare; seguitare: It kept raining all day, continuò a piovere per tutto il giorno; I kept talking, continuai a parlare
3 conservarsi; durare; mantenersi: Meat doesn't keep long in hot weather, col caldo la carne non si conserva a lungo
4 (di persona, solo alla forma progressiva) stare (di salute): How are you keeping?, come stai?; come va?
5 continuare (a percorrere); procedere: Keep straight on for two miles, continuate diritto per due miglia; to keep on one's way, procedere senza fermarsi; to keep left [right], tenersi a sinistra [a destra]; (autom.) «Keep left» (cartello), «tenere la sinistra»
● (Per le espressioni idiomatiche ► anche sotto il sostantivo o l'avverbio) (rag.) to keep an account alive, tenere acceso (o aperto) un conto □ (USA) to keep sb. after school [class], trattenere q. (uno studente) dopo la scuola [la lezione] (come punizione) □ (fig.) to keep the ball rolling, mantener vivo l'interesse, la conversazione, ecc.; mandare avanti qc.to keep st. by, tenere qc. a portata di mano □ (autom.) «Keep clear», (equivale al cartello «passo carraio») «lasciare libero (il passaggio)» □ (anche fig.) to keep the fire burning, alimentare il fuoco □ to keep going, continuare; andare avanti; (fig.) tirare avanti, tener duro □ to keep sb. guessing, tenere q. sulla corda (o sulle spine) □ (di orologio) to keep good time, andare bene; essere preciso □ to keep one's head, mantenere la calma; restar calmo; non perdere la testa □ to keep hold of, tenere stretto □ to keep st. in mind, tenere a mente qc.to keep in sight, mantenersi in vista; non allontanarsi troppo □ to keep in touch with sb., tenersi (o restare) in contatto con q. □ (fam.) Keep in touch!, ci sentiamo!; arrivederci!; fatti vivo! □ to keep in training, tenersi in esercizio □ (econ.) to keep prices steady, stabilizzare i prezzi □ (naut.) to keep the sea, tenere il mare □ to keep silence, mantenere il silenzio □ (autom.) to keep within the speed limit, non superare il limite di velocità □ to keep within bounds, (v. i.) restare entro i limiti; (v. i.) mantenere entro un certo limite, contenere □ (autom.) «Keep left!» (cartello), «tenere la sinistra!» □ (antiq.) God keep you!, Dio ti guardi!
* * *
I [kiːp]
nome
1) (maintenance) mantenimento m., sostentamento m.

to earn one's keep — guadagnarsi da vivere

2) arch. maschio m., mastio m.
3) for keeps per sempre, definitivamente
II 1. [kiːp]
verbo transitivo (pass., p.pass. kept)
1) (cause to remain)

to keep sb. indoors — [person] tenere qcn. in casa; [illness] obbligare qcn. a stare in casa

to keep sth., sb. clean — tenere qcn., qcs. pulito

to keep sth. warm — tenere qcs. al caldo

to keep sb. warm — [garment] tenere caldo a qcn.

to be kept locked — essere tenuto chiuso

to keep sb. talking, waiting — fare parlare, fare attendere qcn.

to keep an engine running — tenere acceso un motore

2) (detain) trattenere, fare stare

what kept you? — cosa ti ha trattenuto?

I won't keep you a minute — non ti tratterrò molto

3) (retain) conservare, custodire [book, letter, ticket]; mantenere [job, shape]; tenere [place]
4) (have and look after) avere, gestire [shop, restaurant]; avere [dog, cat]; avere, allevare [sheep, chickens]
5) (sustain)

to keep sth. going — sostenere [conversation]; mantenere acceso [fire]; mantenere vivo [tradition]

I'll make you a sandwich to keep you going — ti preparo un sandwich così vai avanti ancora un po'

it was only his work that kept him going — è stato solo il suo lavoro a dargli la forza di andare avanti

6) (store) tenere, mettere

I keep a spare key in the cupboard — ho o tengo una chiave di riserva nella credenza

7) (have in stock) [shop] avere, tenere [product]
8) (maintain) mantenere [family]; avere [servant, car, house]
9) (maintain by writing in) tenere [accounts, diary]
10) (conceal)

to keep sth. from sb. — nascondere qcs. a qcn

11) (prevent)

to keep sb. from doing — impedire a qcn. di fare

12) (observe) mantenere [promise, secret]; rispettare [appointment]; celebrare [occasion]; osservare [commandments]
13) mus.

to keep time o the beat — tenere il tempo

2.
verbo intransitivo (pass., p.pass. kept)
1)

to keep doing — continuare a fare

to keep going — andare avanti

keep at it! — continua così! dacci dentro!

"keep left " — "tenere la sinistra"

2) (remain)

to keep indoors — restare dentro

to keep warm — restare al caldo

to keep calm, silent — restare calmo, in silenzio

3) (stay in good condition) [food] mantenersi, conservarsi
4) (in health)

"how are you keeping?" — "come stai?"

she's keeping well — sta bene

3.
verbo riflessivo (pass., p.pass. kept)

to keep oneself — mantenersi

to keep oneself warm — proteggersi dal freddo

to keep oneself healthy — mantenersi in salute

to keep oneself to oneself — stare sulle proprie

••

to keep in with sb. — restare in buoni rapporti con qcn.

I've got something to tell you, it won't keep — ho una cosa da dirti, è urgente


English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Keep — (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept} (k[e^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k[=e]pen, AS. c[=e]pan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.] 1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — [kiːp] verb kept PTandPP [kept] 1. [transitive] to store something that will be useful: • The Credit Reference Agency keeps files on individuals debt records. • You should keep a supply of forms. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Keep — Keep, v. i. 1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — vb 1 Keep, observe, celebrate, solemnize, commemorate are comparable when they mean to pay proper attention or honor to something prescribed, obligatory, or demanded (as by one s nationality, religion, or rank), but they vary widely in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • keep — [kēp] vt. kept, keeping [ME kepen < OE cœpan, to behold, watch out for, lay hold of, akin to MLowG kapen, ON kopa, to stare at < ? IE base * ĝab , to look at or for] 1. to observe or pay regard to; specif., a) to observe with due or… …   English World dictionary

  • keep — ► VERB (past and past part. kept) 1) have or retain possession of. 2) retain or reserve for use in the future. 3) put or store in a regular place. 4) (of a perishable commodity) remain in good condition. 5) continue in a specified condition,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, n. 1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being kept; hence, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — keep; green·keep·er; house·keep; house·keep·er; keep·able; keep·er·ing; keep·er·ship; keep·sake; store·keep; keep·er; …   English syllables

  • Keep — 〈f. 20; Seemannsspr.〉 Kerbe, Rille * * * Keep, die; , en [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. kēp, wohl verw. mit ↑ kappen] (Seemannsspr.): Rille, Kerbe (in einer Boje, einem Block, Mast o. Ä.), die einem darumgelegten Tau Halt gibt. * * * I Keep   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • keep — I (continue) verb be constant, be steadfast, carry forward, carry on, endure, extend, forge ahead, go on, keep going, last, lengthen, live on, maintain, move ahead, never cease, perpetuate, perseverare, persevere, persist, press onward, progress …   Law dictionary

  • keep — The construction keep + object + from + ing verb is idiomatic in current English: • His hands held flat over his ears as if to keep his whole head from flying apart Martin Amis, 1978. The intransitive use of keep + from + ing verb is recorded in… …   Modern English usage

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